A new study by scientists at the University of Toronto (Toronto) analyzed the factors that affect the transmission range of influenza virus aerosols, thereby trying to assess how far away from an infected person can stay healthy. Previous research has shown that breathing is the main way in which people are exposed to viral particles, but no one knows how far they fly.
The study, published this week in Scientific Reports , is the first to track the movement of virus particles through indoor spaces. Scientists have studied this phenomenon for years, trying to determine how far viruses can travel through air and at what concentrations they are there. A few studies have investigated the issue with experimental chambers or simulations under different circumstances, but none have been conducted in actual homes.
Moreover, scientists have used different types of viruses for this type of research, so the results do not necessarily apply to all viruses. In fact, there has been a growing realization that influenza may behave quite differently from other respiratory viruses and produce particles that fly farther and stay in the air longer than other viruses.
The starting point of the study by scientists at Toronto was to observe how flu behaves in people's homes, which is precisely what led them to conduct this research. The team analyzed nine homes with different layouts and ventilation systems. They found that airborne influenza virus concentrations were actually quite similar to those reported for other aerosol-borne viruses (such as those that cause the common cold). In addition, they found that homes have a mix of "hot spots" and "cold spots" for influenza virus.
Hot spots are particularly interesting to researchers because these were where concentrations peaked and remained high. They also learned about the role played by airflow patterns: Generally speaking, a home with forced-air heating or air conditioning experienced more movement and mixing of air throughout the house. This suggests that, in general, homes with forced-air ventilation may produce more variability in exposure than those without such systems. Finally, they found that younger people were at greater risk than older individuals because they spend more time closer to the ground where concentrations are higher due to the influence of gravity.
All these factors are associated with the risk of infection, but to discover how they interact requires more research, especially since some homes have several risk factors simultaneously present. While it is difficult to generalize the results - given that eight homes were studied in detail and their surroundings are different from one another - the study provides guidelines for future studies that investigate the risk of infection.
Online casinos in Canada help the Atmospheric Foundation to prevent deforestation
The Canadian "Atmospheric Foundation" (ATMOS) and online casino Canada have entered into a partnership to help rainforests. Part of the money from the bets will go directly to the protection of forests in Brazil. Anyone who wants to contribute can visit our ATMOS website or log on with Facebook for free at Slotastic Casino.
Slotastic is one of the most popular online casinos in Canada and they invite players from all over the world, including the United States, Australia and Europe, not only Canadian players. Slotastic Casino not only offers games from Betsoft, but also has games that support the i-gaming software manufacturers Microgaming, Netent, NextGen Gaming and Playtech.
Slotastic online casinos are small compared to other well-known casinos in Canada, but they have all the games you need. There are over 150 slot machines and 10 table games such as American and European roulette, blackjack and baccarat.
Slotastic online casino offers a 100% match bonus on the first three deposits you make so that after making your deposit of $150 for example, you can get an additional $450 to play in Canada and claim free spins if your deposit is made with Neteller or Skrill.
Slotastic does not have a specific VIP club, but offers bonuses on deposit and small loyalty rewards to all its players. At Slotastic you can also play poker, both for free and for real money if you are over 18 years old. You can withdraw your winnings at any time through various secure methods like pre-paid gift cards or other e-Wallet services, Euteller, EcoCard and Instadebit.
Slotastic Casino offers 24/7 customer support through telephone, email and live chat. You can contact them by calling 1-888-263-4808 or sending an email to [email protected] If you want to speak with someone immediately you can contact them through the online chat system.
Slotastic is one of the most popular brands today, but there are many other great casinos in Canada available to choose from so before signing up for any particular casino it's important to do your research and compare all the features. Whether you prefer Poker, Roulette, Blackjack or Slots you can find many other great Canadian casinos here at Online Casinos Canada . But if you want to try Slotastic and contribute to the protection of rainforests in Brazil, make your first deposit and get a 100% match bonus on top of it up to $150 today.